Highligts from BIOMEDevice Boston 2016 conference

I attended the BIOMEDevice conference on the 13th and 14th of April 2016. The conference was packed with suppliers of the medical device space, especially from Massuchussetts. Two conferences have especially rung a bell in my head, and I thought I might just drop my notes here so that everybody can get a feel of what was said:

  • Patient Privacy & Data Security in the Cloud Communication Age
  • Winning Over the Hospital Value Analysis Committees

BIOMEDevice 2016 conference hall

Patient Privacy & Data Security in the Cloud Communication Age

  • Our technology is advancing faster than we can protect it. How can we keep up with the cloud communication age and build sustainable data protection?
  • Understanding FDA’s evolving guidelines and standards to address cyber security
  • How is HIPAA playing an increasingly pervasive role in health data management?
  • Cloud-enabled utilities and solutions – what are the pros, cons, and security risks of storing data in the cloud?
  • Advances in safely transmitting data across various healthcare applications and protecting data from cyber attacks

Michael McNeil, Global Product & Security Services Officer, PHILIPS HEALTHCARE

 

Phillips has a HealthSuite IoT architecture based on AWS (EC2, S3, Glacier, Lambda, SNS)

http://www.usa.philips.com/healthcare/innovation/about-health-suite

They have a way to make sure data is not leaving a country’s borders where it’s forbidden.

Industry challenges:

  • Patient safety (ethical hackers have demonstrated threats)
  • Data integrity and availability – required by care
  • Legal and regulatory obligations
  • Protecting intellectual property – especially when expanding into emerging markets

 

Best practices:

  • Design security at every stage of development
  • Take advantage of well-known techniques (encryption, salting, rate limiting)
  • Train employees
  • Integrate security by design. Security built into the development process.
  • External security testing and assessment.

 

Medical device challenges:

  • Portable and mobile devices (storage medium encryption, hard to remove without tools)
  • Access to device and settings
  • Firewall controls
  • Malware controls (whitelist solutions take away the need for daily updates)

 

Avoid 3 deadly sins of medical device vulnerabilities

  • Uncontrolled distribution of passwords (fixed, default, hard-coded)
  • Failure to provide timely security software updates and patch management
  • Security vulnerability in off-the-shelf software designed to prevent unauthorized device or network access

 

The FDA has clearly stated that you don’t have to the entire re-submission process to address security updates (validation responsibility still applies though)

 

Establish a policy for providers and SOUPs (embed checkpoints in vendor selection, update the procurement process, establish monitoring criteria [frequency of scan and pen testing…]

 

Define a responsible disclosure of incidents process (they will happen!)

 

Conclusion:

  • Continuous threat monitoring of the healthcare landscape is critical
  • Transparency, accountability and responsiveness must be ongoing features
  • Wider dialogue between medical device makers, hospitals, regulators and security professionals will advance innovation in security in the healthcare industry

 

Winning Over the Hospital Value Analysis Committees

  • Overview of the changing marketplace and how to position your product in this tight economic environment
  • USA vs. Europe – what are the hospitals looking for?
  • Important questions you should be able to answer
  • Looking at devices and assessing value – from a physician standpoint
  • Discussing value added services in products
  • Understanding the necessity of usability and how it can determine widespread adoption

Moderator:
David J. Dykeman, Attorney, GREENBERG TRAURIG, LLP

Panelists:
Eric T. Pierce, MD, PhD, Physician Director of Anesthesia Bioengineering, Supply & Technical Support, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine, MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL
Michael Fraai, Executive Director- Biomedical Engineering & Device Integration, BRIGHAM AND WOMEN’S HOSPITAL
David J. Berkowitz,
Vice President, Healthcare Insights and Analytics, ECRI INSTITUTE

 

Value Analysis Committees are now gatekeepers to inserting a technology into hospitals. Decisions are more and more based on financial factors, clinical benefits are not the paramount factor anymore.

Considerations they have

  • What do they do with former product if there is a replacement?
  • Cost – upfront and maintenance. TCO is king.
  • Clinical outcome – of backed by solid evidence.

 

Eric T Pierce, MD, PHD: how we select devices

Eric is involved in product selection for the Massachusetts General Hospital – especially for anesthesia

The selection process is always changing.

Value in Medical devices = Quality (outcome, safety, clinician satisfaction) / TCO

Traditionally, physicians were big drivers of device selection. They become less and less important.

When a product might be controversial, limited trials are set up.

For complex and expensive products, the process is the following:

  • An ad-hoc evaluation group is formed (physician director, bioengineers, clinician advocates, division leaders, frequent users)
  • Review all viable product options
  • Apply selection criteria (TCO, compatibility & continuity, ease of operation, serviceability, product support)
  • Narrow choice of 2 or 3 products
  • Focused trial of top choices in-service
  • Comparative financial analysis, purchasing folks negotiate
  • Review, recommendation, decision

 

The whole process takes weeks or month

Ease of operation criteria (very important):

  • Intuitive design
  • Simple interface
  • Clean-ability (they recently had a device which screen was damaged to cleaning solutions)
  • Battery life
  • Boot up time (because of emergencies). They time boot-up time.
  • Portability (big issue for them: portable devices get stolen)
  • Mounts

 

Winning over the value analysis committee – David J. Berkowitz, Vice President, Healthcare Insights and Analytics, ECRI INSTITUTE

 

We are moving from a volume-based healthcare system to a value-based healthcare system

The absence of evidence (as far as clinical benefits are concerned) is a showstopper

 

Michael Fraai, Executive Director- Biomedical Engineering & Device Integration, BRIGHAM AND WOMEN’S HOSPITAL

Network security is huge topic before devices are authorized into a hospital’s network.

They don’t buy a quote. They buy a solution to deliver safe & efficient care.

There is an awareness of real cost.

Factors in the TCO: purchase cost, backfill cost, training cost, device integration, software cost, warranty cost, implementation cost, parts, accessories.

It becomes more and more costly to integrate products into EHRs.

 

Panel discussion

 

Mistakes companies and salespeople make:

  • Adding too many features
  • Eliminating features that users do like
  • Not doing enough outcome research
  • Not understanding the user’s work environment (screens too smalls or difficult to read). Send your designers to the environment where the device will be used.
  • Introducing too many variable or deals
  • Not supporting intra-operability (ICE standards)
  • Not being the clients’ time and objectives
  • Not being environmentally responsible

 

There is an EPP (Environmentally Preferable Purchase) movement happening in the supply chain space

 

Advice for manufacturers:

  • How do you reduce downtime?
  • Think about helping institutions to compute the TCO
  • Analyze error logs and fix errors. Provide backup capabilities.
  • Have a real value dossier with all the stuff discussed above ready for the value committee.

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